The goal of the NeuroMac initiative

The goal of the NeuroMac initiative is to obtain insights into the diverse functions of myeloid cells in the CNS during development, health and disease. A particular focus will be on parenchymal macrophages (microglia), circulating monocytes and bone marrow myeloid cells (e.g. myeloid progenitors). Combining studies of brain myeloid cell development and homeostasis, neurobiology, cell migration and neuropathology in one research initiative will enable a fruitful and productive interaction between the groups involved.

Research Program

Publications

Masuda T, Amann L, Sankowski R, Staszewski O, Lenz M, d´Errico P, Snaidero N, Jordão MJC, Böttcher C, Kierdorf K, Jung S, Priller J, Misgeld T, Vlachos A, Meyer Luehmann M, Knobeloch KP and Prinz M: Novel Hexb-based tools for studying microglia in the CNS. Nature Immunology 21, 802–815 (2020).

Hamarsheh S, Osswald L, Saller BS, Unger S, De Feo D, Vinnakota JM, Konantz M, Uhl FM, Becker H, Lübbert M, Shoumariyeh K, Schürch C, Andrieux G, Venhoff N, Schmitt-Graeff A, Duquesne S, Pfeifer D, Cooper MA, Lengerke C, Boerries M, Duyster J, Niemeyer CM, Erlacher M, Blazar BR, Becher B, Groß O, Brummer T and Zeiser R: Oncogenic KrasG12D causes myeloproliferation via NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Nature Communications 11, 1659 (2020).

Erny D, Prinz M: How microbiota shape microglial phenotypes and epigenetics. Glia, 68(8):1655-1672. doi: 10.1002/glia.23822 (2020).

Kierdorf K, Hersperger F, Sharrock J, Vincent CM, Ustaoglu P, Dou J, Gyoergy A, Groß O, Siekhaus DE, Dionne MS: Muscle function and homeostasis require cytokine inhibition of AKT activity in Drosophila. Elife 9. pii: e51595 (2020).

Kolter J, Kierdorf K, Henneke P: Origin and Differentiation of Nerve-Associated Macrophages. J Immunol 204, 271-289; doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.org/content/204/2/271 (2020).

Böttcher C, Fernández-Zapata C, Schlickeiser S, Kunkel D, Schulz AR, Mei HE, Weidinger C, Gieß RM, Asseyer S, Siegmund B, Paul F, Ruprecht K, Priller J: Multi-parameter immune profiling of peripheral blood mononuclear cells by multiplexed single-cell mass cytometry in patients with early multiple sclerosis. Sci Rep 9(1), 19471. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-55852-x 8 (2019).

Sankowski R, Strohl JJ, Huerta TS, Nasiri E, Mazzarello AN, D’Abramo C, Cheng KF, Staszewski O, Prinz M, Huerta PT, and Al-Abed Y: Endogenous retroviruses are associated with hippocampus-based memory impairment. PNAS 116 (51) 25982-25990; doi.org/10.1073/pnas.182216411 (2019).

R Mathew N, Vinnakota JM, Apostolova P, Erny D, Hamarsheh S, Andrieux G, Kim JS, Hanke K, Goldmann T, Chappell-Maor L, El-Khawanky N, Ihorst G, Schmidt D, Duyster J, Finke J, Blank T, Boerries M, Blazar BR, Jung S, Prinz M, Zeiser R: Graft-versus-host disease of the CNS is mediated by TNF upregulation in microglia. J Clin Invest, pii: 130272; doi: 10.1172/JCI130272 (2019).

Geirsdottir L, David E, Keren-Shaul H, Weiner A, Bohlen SC,  Neuber J, Balic A, Giladi A, Sheban F, Dutertre CA, Pfeifle C, Peri F, Raffo-Romero A, Vizioli J, Matiasek K, Scheiwe C, Meckel S, Mätz-Rensing K, van der Meer F, Thormodsson FR, Stadelmann C, Zilkha N, Kimchi T, Ginhoux F, Ulitsky I, Erny D, Amit I, Prinz M: Cross-Species Single-Cell Analysis Reveals Divergence of the Primate Microglia Program. Cell 179 (7), 1609-1622.e16; doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2019.11.010 (2019).

Ziegler JF, Böttcher C, Letizia M, Yerinde C, Wu H, Freise I, Rodriguez-Sillke Y, Stoyanova AK, Kreis ME, Asbach P, Kunkel D, Priller J, Anagnostopoulos I, Kühl AA, Miehle K, Stumvoll M, Tran F, Fredrich B, Forster M, Franke A, Bojarski C, Glauben R, Löscher BS, Siegmund B, Weidinger C: Leptin induces TNFα-dependent inflammation in acquired generalized lipodystrophy and combined Crohn’s disease. Nat Commun 10, 5629; doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-13559-7 (2019).