The goal of the NeuroMac initiative

The goal of the NeuroMac initiative is to obtain insights into the diverse functions of myeloid cells in the CNS during development, health and disease. A particular focus will be on parenchymal macrophages (microglia), circulating monocytes and bone marrow myeloid cells (e.g. myeloid progenitors). Combining studies of brain myeloid cell development and homeostasis, neurobiology, cell migration and neuropathology in one research initiative will enable a fruitful and productive interaction between the groups involved.

Research Program


Böttcher C, Fernández-Zapata C, Schlickeiser S, Kunkel D, Schulz AR, Mei HE, Weidinger C, Gieß RM, Asseyer S, Siegmund B, Paul F, Ruprecht K, Priller J: Multi-parameter immune profiling of peripheral blood mononuclear cells by multiplexed single-cell mass cytometry in patients with early multiple sclerosis. Sci Rep 9(1):19471. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-55852-x 8 (2019).

Sankowski R, Strohl JJ, Huerta TS, Nasiri E, Mazzarello AN, D’Abramo C, Cheng KF, Staszewski O, Prinz M, Huerta PT, and Al-Abed Y: Endogenous retroviruses are associated with hippocampus-based memory impairment. PNAS 116(51), 25982-25990; (2019).

Mathew NR, Vinnakota JM, Apostolova P, Erny D, Hamarsheh S, Andrieux G, Kim JS, Hanke K, Goldmann T, Chappell-Maor L, El-Khawanky N, Ihorst G, Schmidt D, Duyster J, Finke J, Blank T, Boerries M, Blazar BR, Jung S, Prinz M, Zeiser R. Graft-versus-host disease of the CNS is mediated by TNF upregulation in microglia. J Clin Invest, pii: 130272; doi: 10.1172/JCI130272 (2019).

Geirsdottir L, David E, Keren-Shaul H, Weiner AS, Bohlen C,  Neuber J, Balic A, Giladi A, Sheban F, Dutertre CA, Pfeifle C, Peri F, Raffo-Romero, Jacopo Vizioli A, Matiasek K, ScheiweC, Meckel S, Mätz-Rensing K, van der Meer F, Thormodsson FR, Stadelmann C, Zilkha N, Kimchi T, Ginhoux F, Ulitsky I, Erny D, Amit I, Prinz M: Cross-Species Single-Cell Analysis Reveals Divergence of the Primate Microglia Program. Cell 179 (7), 1609-1622.e16; doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2019.11.010 (2019).

Ziegler JF, Böttcher C, Letizia M, Yerinde C, Wu H, Freise I, Rodriguez-Sillke Y, Stoyanova AK, Kreis ME, Asbach P, Kunkel D, Priller J, Anagnostopoulos I, Kühl AA, Miehle K, Stumvoll M, Tran F, Fredrich B, Forster M, Franke A, Bojarski C, Glauben R, Löscher BS, Siegmund B, Weidinger C: Leptin induces TNFα-dependent inflammation in acquired generalized lipodystrophy and combined Crohn’s disease. Nat Commun 10, 5629; (2019).